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Sociedade Brasileira de Telecomunicações

Spectral Efficiency of Massive MIMO using FBMC-OQAM Modulation

This article covers the potential of Filter Bank Multicarrier (FBMC) modulation to be used in the future 5G wireless networks where Massive Multiple-Input Multiple-Output (MIMO) will be deployed. The study compares orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) with FBMC. The former is the multiplexing technique in 4G communications and the latter is one of the strongest candidates to replace OFDM in 5G networks. This comparison evaluates the spectral efficiency (SE) of a massive MIMO (MM) system uplink under a single-cell environment. Due to the absence of the cyclic prefix, the FBMC has better SE than the OFDM as the signal-to-noise-ratio (SNR) increases. However, to the best of the authors’ knowledge, this study has not yet been conducted under a MM scenario. In summary, this article presents an analysis of SE of FBMC considering a MM setup. While limiting the modulation to 64-Quadrature Amplitude Modulation (QAM) per sub carrier, it was observed that as the SE increases, the required number of antennas for the OFDM becomes the double or the triple of the counterpart using FBMC, or even it is not achieved by the OFDM.

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